Key Concepts Behind Brain Fitness and Training

Key Concepts

MemVu's games are based upon the idea that your brain has the ability to "rewire" itself to offset the effects of aging and various brain health conditions. The key concepts of Cognitive Reserve, Neuroplasticity, and Neurogenesis underlie the research in this area.

Cognitive Reserve: Best described as your brain’s resilience, cognitive reserve allows you to lessen the negative impact of attacks on the brain from the process of aging, trauma or disease. Those with higher cognitive reserve are more easily able to maximize cognitive efficiency when the brain becomes impaired. While educational attainment and cognition associated with career are strongly linked with higher cognitive reserve, there is evidence that it can be strengthened in almost anyone. Learning new things teaches the brain to adjust in order to cope with the challenges inherent in the new learning situation. Therefore, learning a new skill, such as to speak a new language or to play an instrument can stimulate brain function and build cognitive reserve.

Neuroplasticity: Until recently, it was thought that the ability to reshape our brain’s communication and information systems, our neuronal pathways, was extremely limited as we aged. However, we now know that our ability to ‘rewire’ our own brain remains intact throughout our lifespan. That rewiring, known as neuroplasticity, allows us to function more effectively after the brain becomes impaired due to aging, disease, or trauma.

Neurogenesis: This refers to the creation of new neurons within the brain. Like neuroplasticity, it was previously believed that our ability to generate new neurons slowed greatly with age. In fact, we can continue to grow new neurons throughout our lifespan if we continue to challenge ourselves by learning new things.

Although MemVu’s games/exercises are focused on those individuals suffering from a brain health condition, they can be used by anyone who wants to work out their brain and have some fun doing so.